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Hemp bud is experiencing a resurgence with the introduction of the Farm Bill from 2018. Combined with the fact that CBD has gone mainstream, hemp flowers are in high demand.
However, many people don’t have a clue what to look for when searching for the perfect hemp strain, let alone the potential effects. Read along to understand everything there is to know about hemp flowers, including their legality and how they can be used to assist a wide variety of mental and physical issues.
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In terms of botany, the flowers from hemp plants are the structure that receives pollen from males to produce the next generation of seeds.
Hemp flowers are composed of multiple structures that produce the whole, such as the calyx, pistils, and trichomes. Depending on the hemp strain, the flowers of a given hemp cultivar can produce a wide range of flowers that vary in size, color, shape, potency, flavor, and scent.
Hemp flowers are produced by growing female hemp plants. If there is a male hemp plant present, it can fertilize thousands of females with the help of a gust of wind. Male hemp flowers contain thousands of microscopic pollen grains that travel with the wind with ease.
Nature has countless examples where males receive the short end of the stick, and hemp plants are no exception. Due to the nuisance of seeds in hemp flowers, males are destroyed the second they are discovered. Luckily, males typically show their sex before their female counterparts, which makes separation easy.
Once an outdoor field or indoor garden is filled with mature female hemp plants, they are flowered by using the help of light. Hemp plants are photoperiodic, which means they respond to light. In hemp’s case, hemp stops producing vegetative growth and begins to generate flowers once it receives 12-hours of light and 12-hours of darkness.
After 7-12-weeks of flowering, hemp flowers are harvested. Once harvested, the flowers will need to cure to promote a distinct flavor and aroma. Curing typically takes 1-3 months to complete.
That’s right, it takes 4-7 months to produce hemp flowers from seed. Think about this number the next time you consume your hemp bud in a matter of minutes. Before you take a hit from your hemp flower of choice, always remember the long journey that your hemp buds traveled before it made it to your pipe.
The best part about hemp flowers is that they are legal. Thanks to the Farm Bill, all hemp-derived products are legal as long as they do not test above 0.3% THC. THC is the psychoactive cannabinoid that’s responsible for making you feel high or stoned.
Instead, lawmakers legalized hemp flowers that contain non psychoactive cannabinoids, such as CBD and CBG. As long as you buy hemp flowers that are lab tested below 0.3% THC — it’s 100% legal.
However, there are a few states that still want to make life difficult, such as Nebraska, Texas, and North Dakota. Therefore, although hemp is legal at the federal level, you should always check your state’s regulations to avoid any hassle.
The last thing you want when indulging in a relaxing hemp flower is to find yourself deeply stressed by law enforcement. As long as your state allows hemp and your hemp flower is lab tested below 0.3% THC, then you won’t have any issues.
Whether you’re a commercial grower or a hobby gardener, you can grow your own hemp flowers, as long as your state allows it. If you’re a commercial cultivator, then you will likely need to apply for a hemp cultivation permit. Some states even require hemp handling licenses if you plan on selling your hemp products.
Once again, everything depends on how your state or jurisdiction views hemp. A personal hemp garden is very different from a commercial hemp farm, so decide accordingly. The primary issue when growing hemp is the fact that it looks exactly like THC-rich cannabis. Since hemp is a subspecies of cannabis, it shouldn’t surprise you that your hemp garden resembles a cannabis garden.
If you decide to grow your own hemp, then there is an ever-growing number of websites that are dedicated to hemp seeds. Hemp seeds are the best way to begin your journey into the world of hemp and start producing your own hemp flowers.
Hemp flowers are primarily composed of CBD, also known as cannabidiol. However, there is a rising trend in CBG (cannabigerol)-dominant hemp flowers. Hemp flowers are bred specifically to contain less than 0.3% THC, which is considered a negligible amount.
In many cases, you can find hemp flowers that contain upwards of 24% CBD and CBG-dominant hemp flowers that test above 18%. CBD-dominant hemp flowers are much more common, and CBG-oriented flowers are rare.
Until breeders find an easier way to create CBG-dominant hemp flowers, it’s unlikely that CBD hemp flowers will be overthrown. The reason behind this is because CBD is a byproduct of CBG. As a hemp plant matures, the CBG compound transforms into CBD. By the time most hemp plants are harvested, the available CBG is spent.
Although there is a burgeoning scene behind CBG breeding, CBD hemp flowers remain the most widely cultivated.
Hemp flowers contain a wide array of terpenes. Terpenes are organic compounds that occur naturally in the plant kingdom, and they provide plants with their therapeutic aroma or invigorating taste.
In the case of hemp flowers, terpenes are found alongside CBD and CBG within the trichome glands. These volatile compounds are the reason your hemp flowers taste like lemon-zest-diesel-fuel or a freshly baked cherry pie. The possibilities are endless, and terpenes are the key to stimulate your senses.
Furthermore, terpenes are known to produce supportive effects for the mind and body. All terpenes that exist in hemp exist in other plants too. Linalool, for example, is the terpene that’s responsible for the calming and soothing effects found in lavender.
As you can see, terpenes aren’t just about aroma and flavor. Instead, research shows that terpenes play an equal role (or more) in producing the effects that you feel while indulging in hemp flowers.
Hemp flowers provide a wide variety of effects. In most cases, smoking hemp flowers lead to immediate effects for 1-3-hours, depending on your tolerance.
Common effects while enjoying hemp flowers are:
It’s essential that you understand that you will not feel high, but instead, relaxed or uplifted. The benefit of consuming hemp flowers is that you can feel relaxed or euphoric without losing clarity. Contrary to THC-rich cannabis, you will not feel intoxicated when you indulge in hemp flowers.
This question is best answered by you. If you’re indulging in hemp flowers, then you likely have a reason. If it’s due to overwhelming stress or chronic pain, then CBD hemp flowers may be best since they are readily available.
However, if you are experiencing issues with glaucoma or irritable bowel syndrome, then it may be best to find a CBG-dominant hemp flower.
Overall, CBD and CBG have similar effects, but the availability is what separates them. Due to the difficulty of producing CBD-dominant hemp flowers, they are much harder to find. Furthermore, CBG-dominant hemp flowers typically fetch a higher price due to their scarcity.
Whether you buy hemp flowers at a store or online, you need to know how to pick the right hemp flowers.
If you’re at a storefront location, it’s essential that you ask a customer service specialist to help you. Let them know why you want to use hemp flowers. By doing so, this should help them narrow down the possibilities for your specific needs.
If you’re buying hemp flowers online, you’ll need to trust the retailer because you’ll have to make a purchase without seeing the product. This shouldn’t be an issue if the online seller is honest about the hemp varieties that they carry.
If buying a CBD or CBG-dominant hemp flower in a store, then it’s crucial that you look at the product. The flowers are vibrant in color, and the buds should be dense to semi-dense. Also, check the moisture content because you will burn through your stash quickly if the buds are dry.
When observing hemp flowers, make sure that they are generously coated in trichomes. Trichomes contain terpenes and cannabinoids, and the trichome coverage can give you insight into the flower’s quality.
If you decide to buy hemp flowers online, always check the rating of the site. User reviews are an excellent source in deciding whether or not to make a purchase.
Buying hemp flowers online or in-person both have pros and cons, but the final product is what genuinely counts. As long as your hemp flowers are lab tested and contain what you want, you will be satisfied with every purchase.